First, on our list, we have small houses. The next sustainable house is a prefabricated house. The tiny home movement has become one of the best-known green home trends, and for good reason. They are an economic and environmental solution for simple living.
A small home is usually between 100 and 400 square feet, although some may be slightly larger or smaller. They can also be small mobile homes, fit in a trailer and be able to move to different places. Small homes are designed to maximize the sense of space by using convertible furniture, lofts, and multi-purpose rooms. Tiny homes are considered a sustainable type of home because they use less energy, materials and space than an average-sized home.
Some small home manufacturers also use non-toxic, local or reclaimed materials to reduce the already minimal impact on the planet. Prefabricated or “prefabricated” homes are homes built ahead of time and off site. They are manufactured in parts (panels or modules) that are shipped and assembled on site. Construction techniques vary widely, depending on whether you choose constructed or modular panels, but both types of prefabricated are different from prefabricated houses (factory-built and shipped as a whole).
Nowadays, many prefabricated homes have a sleek, modernist design, but there are often custom architectural options if that's not your thing. In addition to the environmentally friendly design of many prefabs, you can also save some money here. Modular homeowners expect you to be able to spend 10 to 20% less if you build a modular home instead of a traditional house built with sticks. This is because there will be fewer wasted materials, more bulk purchases, and less work time (prefabricated ones tend to come together much faster and easier).
On top of all that, these types of homes require relatively little maintenance and FEMA has praised them for their durability. A passive house is a house built with rigorous energy efficiency standards. Passive home construction aims to achieve measurable energy efficiency and comfort, through several design principles, such as extreme tightness, continuous insulation and high-performance windows and doors. While reducing environmental impact, residents of a passive home will also enjoy excellent indoor air quality and temperature.
The Passive Houses Institute states that designing a passive house is your best option to become a net zero or net positive (meaning that your home generates as much or more energy than you need). The Passive House or “Passivhaus” standards were created and defined by a German physicist and a Swedish scientist in the 1980s, leading to the construction of the first official Passivhaus in Germany. Soon after, this concept arrived in the U.S. UU.
Straw bale houses are built with straw bales as insulation or as a real structural component (or both combined). Straw bales are stacked on top of each other to create walls (in addition to posts and beams, of course) and then covered with plaster. Straw bale houses have a lot of different styles, but most have a rustic, stucco-like feel. Although straw construction has been an effective method around the world for many centuries, the first straw bale houses in the U.S.
It dates back to Nebraska in the 19th century, when colonists used grassland grass as material. Straw bale houses were still popular in the first half of the 20th century until mass-produced building materials took their place. Eventually, they were reintroduced and have found a place among many Americans looking for a green building alternative. A carbon-free home is so energy efficient that its annual net carbon footprint is zero.
These houses are still connected to the grid, but they are so isolated, airtight and have low energy consumption that they are carbon-free. These homes produce enough renewable energy to offset small energy costs and can even produce more than they use, making it a “positive net”. They are also called “zero energy homes” or “homes with zero net” and, don't be afraid, they look like any other normal home. These sustainable homes aren't necessarily the eco-friendly homes you'll see for sale down the street.
They're still a pretty radical idea, but nonetheless they're wonderfully environmental. A home that does not depend on external resources, but produces its own is something we must consider. Earthships could be the key to sustainability and, at the same time, offer us a whimsical and self-sufficient housing option. Houses with onslaught earth will pay both the owner and the planet.
They are incredibly easy to clean, strong, fire- and pest-resistant, breathable and insulating. The aggregate that enters a house with rammed earth can also be a product with very low greenhouse gas emissions, depending on how it is processed and obtained. The Waste House is a sustainable construction project installed at the University of Brighton in the United Kingdom. As the name suggests, the prototype house is built almost exclusively from discarded waste.
About 90 percent of the materials used to make the garbage can come from household and construction waste, including 20,000 toothbrushes, 4,000 DVD cases, 2,000 floppy disks and 2,000 used carpet tiles, which are used to cover the facade of the house. Although no one currently lives in it, the building is a remarkable achievement and demonstrates the organizer's mantra that there is no waste, just things in the wrong place. The interior of Casa S is very basic and measures only 30 square meters (322 square feet), with a large interior space. The building is prefabricated and can be dismantled into several small pieces to facilitate transportation by local builders.
Vo Trong Nghia Architects is still working on the design of Casa S, but the final plan is to market it massively. San Francisco's Fougeron architecture recently designed and built a particularly beautiful luxury home that ensures neighbors see the green. Located on California's Big Sur coast, the Fall House has a copper façade that will wear and patina over time as it comes into contact with sea air. Copper is also designed to offer a certain degree of fire protection.
In addition to its enviable appearance and views, the two-story fall house has energy-saving windows and its open design naturally encourages chimney ventilation, windows that open automatically help reduce the need for air conditioning. A greywater recycling system is also installed. To achieve this performance, the ZEB Pilot House has the proverbial kitchen sink with sustainable technology, which includes a large photovoltaic panel, a rainwater collection system, solar thermal panels and an efficient heat exchanger. It doesn't hurt that the house is also pleasing to the eye.
The performance of the ZEB Pilot House is currently being monitored to ensure that energy efficiency claims are justified. Whatever type of house you live in, it will most likely take longer to build than the Pop-Up House, from the French architecture firm Multipod, which was erected by a team of builders in just four days with no tools other than a screwdriver. The firm compares the construction process with that of building with Lego. Reportedly the first certified passive home in New York City, Tighthouse represents an impressive energy efficient renovation of an existing townhome that is over a hundred years old.
Like Vo Trong Nghia Architects, the Vietnamese firm H%26P Architects has also produced a prototype house that will eventually be sold en masse to low-income Vietnamese. However, this particular house is flood-proof as well. The Blooming Bamboo house is placed on stilts and designed to withstand floods up to 1.5 m (5 ft) deep, although H%26P Architects expects to increase it to 3 m (10 ft). A sustainable home is one that has the least possible negative impact on our environment.
This means energy efficiency, avoiding environmental toxins and using materials and resources responsibly, while having a positive physical and psychological impact on its inhabitants. More and more people are seeking to minimize both environmental impact and financial spending by equipping their homes with sustainable technology, and the resulting boom in sustainable construction is driving new levels of architectural innovation. If you're in a hurricane-prone area and you build a deck with recycled wood, it's not sustainable for the platform to be knocked down due to a hurricane. Sustainable design isn't just about installing solar panels and recycling gray water, although these solutions are often an important part of the picture.
Unprocessed, these materials respect the concept of sustainable architecture and minimize, from the construction phase to its last recycling lifespan, the environmental impact of an ecological house on the planet. To build an environmentally friendly house, it is essential to choose natural and sustainable building materials. If you have exhaust fans and ducts in your home, for example, in the bathroom, the ERV can use the heat from the exhaust gases to preheat or pre-cool the air that enters your home. Students at the University of Wollongong in Australia took a typical Australian fiber house and modernized it with enough sustainable technology to turn the notoriously energy-hungry style of home into a house with net zero emissions.
When choosing household appliances, innovative and sustainable technology, such as geothermal energy and solar energy, is preferred. KB Home's senior vice president for sustainability, Dan Bridleman, says there is a growing interest from homebuyers in water-saving features that lower utility bills and help mitigate pressure on local communities. True sustainability is made up of many facets, from construction materials to the use of renewable energy sources and a design that seeks efficiency and harmony with the surrounding environment. Praised by the Energy Saving Trust as an example of sustainable housing, the property includes a number of features, such as rain-harvesting technology, triple-glazed windows, energy-efficient lighting and a vegetable planting area.
The sustainable design of a home cannot be achieved without thinking about the quality of construction and techniques for durable housing. The term sustainable is widely used today, but there's more to adding a few solar panels to the roof of an inefficient building and ending the day. This sustainable trend refers to houses that are built on the ground, with one or more walls covered by the floor, protecting and isolating them. .